China Hot selling CHINAMFG Laboratory 304 Stainless Steel CHINAMFG Pump Vacuum Pump vacuum pump connector

Product Description

Product Description

Vacuum Pump GM-0.20

we have many kinds of Vacuum Pump, if you are interested, please feel free contact me~~

Product Parameters

Model

GM-0.20

GM-0.5II

GM-0.5

GM-0.33II

GM-1.0

Pump Head

1

2

1

1

2

Speed of Evacuation

12 L/Min

30 L/Min

20 L/Min

60 L/Min

Ultimate pressure

≥0.075 Mpa

≥0.095 Mpa

≥0.08 Mpa

Vacuum

250 mbar

50 mbar

200 mbar

Pressure

≥30 CHINAMFG Positive or
negative pressure

Negative pressure

≥30Positive,
Positive or
negative
pressure

Negative pressure

≥30Positive,
Positive or
negative
pressure

Inlet

φ6 mm

Outlet

φ6 mm

Silencer

φ6 mm

Silencer

φ6 mm

Working Temp.

7~40ºC

Body Temp.

<55ºC

Noise Level

<60 dB

<50 dB

Motor Power

75W

160W

Power consumption

AC110/220V±10%, 50/60Hz

Diaphragm

NBR

Valves

/

NBR

Net Weight(kg)

4

10

6.6

6.2

10

Gross Weight(kg)

4.5

11

7.6

7.5

11

External Size
(L*W*H)mm

195*98*156

300*120*235

210*160*235

215*120*235

300*160*235

Package Size(L*W*H)mm

330*210*240

314*205*316

300*210*310

315*200*310

 

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Company Profile

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After-sales Service: Online
Warranty: 1 Year
Oil or Not: Oil Free
Structure: Rotary Vacuum Pump
Vacuum Degree: Vacuum
Work Function: Maintain the Pump

vacuum pump

What Is the Vacuum Level and How Is It Measured in Vacuum Pumps?

The vacuum level refers to the degree of pressure below atmospheric pressure in a vacuum system. It indicates the level of “emptiness” or the absence of gas molecules in the system. Here’s a detailed explanation of vacuum level measurement in vacuum pumps:

Vacuum level is typically measured using pressure units that represent the difference between the pressure in the vacuum system and atmospheric pressure. The most common unit of measurement for vacuum level is the Pascal (Pa), which is the SI unit. Other commonly used units include Torr, millibar (mbar), and inches of mercury (inHg).

Vacuum pumps are equipped with pressure sensors or gauges that measure the pressure within the vacuum system. These gauges are specifically designed to measure the low pressures encountered in vacuum applications. There are several types of pressure gauges used for measuring vacuum levels:

1. Pirani Gauge: Pirani gauges operate based on the thermal conductivity of gases. They consist of a heated element exposed to the vacuum environment. As gas molecules collide with the heated element, they transfer heat away, causing a change in temperature. By measuring the change in temperature, the pressure can be inferred, allowing the determination of the vacuum level.

2. Thermocouple Gauge: Thermocouple gauges utilize the thermal conductivity of gases similar to Pirani gauges. They consist of two dissimilar metal wires joined together, forming a thermocouple. As gas molecules collide with the thermocouple, they cause a temperature difference between the wires, generating a voltage. The voltage is proportional to the pressure and can be calibrated to provide a reading of the vacuum level.

3. Capacitance Manometer: Capacitance manometers measure pressure by detecting the change in capacitance between two electrodes caused by the deflection of a flexible diaphragm. As the pressure in the vacuum system changes, the diaphragm moves, altering the capacitance and providing a measurement of the vacuum level.

4. Ionization Gauge: Ionization gauges operate by ionizing gas molecules in the vacuum system and measuring the resulting electrical current. The ion current is proportional to the pressure, allowing the determination of the vacuum level. There are different types of ionization gauges, such as hot cathode, cold cathode, and Bayard-Alpert gauges.

5. Baratron Gauge: Baratron gauges utilize the principle of capacitance manometry but with a different design. They consist of a pressure-sensing diaphragm separated by a small gap from a reference electrode. The pressure difference between the vacuum system and the reference electrode causes the diaphragm to deflect, changing the capacitance and providing a measurement of the vacuum level.

It’s important to note that different types of vacuum pumps may have different pressure ranges and may require specific pressure gauges suitable for their operating conditions. Additionally, vacuum pumps are often equipped with multiple gauges to provide information about the pressure at different stages of the pumping process or in different parts of the system.

In summary, vacuum level refers to the pressure below atmospheric pressure in a vacuum system. It is measured using pressure gauges specifically designed for low-pressure environments. Common types of pressure gauges used in vacuum pumps include Pirani gauges, thermocouple gauges, capacitance manometers, ionization gauges, and Baratron gauges.

\vacuum pump

What Is the Difference Between Dry and Wet Vacuum Pumps?

Dry and wet vacuum pumps are two distinct types of pumps that differ in their operating principles and applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the differences between them:

Dry Vacuum Pumps:

Dry vacuum pumps operate without the use of any lubricating fluid or sealing water in the pumping chamber. They rely on non-contact mechanisms to create a vacuum. Some common types of dry vacuum pumps include:

1. Rotary Vane Pumps: Rotary vane pumps consist of a rotor with vanes that slide in and out of slots in the rotor. The rotation of the rotor creates chambers that expand and contract, allowing the gas to be pumped. The vanes and the housing are designed to create a seal, preventing gas from flowing back into the pump. Rotary vane pumps are commonly used in laboratories, medical applications, and industrial processes where a medium vacuum level is required.

2. Dry Screw Pumps: Dry screw pumps use two or more intermeshing screws to compress and transport gas. As the screws rotate, the gas is trapped between the threads and transported from the suction side to the discharge side. Dry screw pumps are known for their high pumping speeds, low noise levels, and ability to handle various gases. They are used in applications such as semiconductor manufacturing, chemical processing, and vacuum distillation.

3. Claw Pumps: Claw pumps use two rotors with claw-shaped lobes that rotate in opposite directions. The rotation creates a series of expanding and contracting chambers, enabling gas capture and pumping. Claw pumps are known for their oil-free operation, high pumping speeds, and suitability for handling dry and clean gases. They are commonly used in applications such as automotive manufacturing, food packaging, and environmental technology.

Wet Vacuum Pumps:

Wet vacuum pumps, also known as liquid ring pumps, operate by using a liquid, typically water, to create a seal and generate a vacuum. The liquid ring serves as both the sealing medium and the working fluid. Wet vacuum pumps are commonly used in applications where a higher level of vacuum is required or when handling corrosive gases. Some key features of wet vacuum pumps include:

1. Liquid Ring Pumps: Liquid ring pumps feature an impeller with blades that rotate eccentrically within a cylindrical casing. As the impeller rotates, the liquid forms a ring against the casing due to centrifugal force. The liquid ring creates a seal, and as the impeller spins, the volume of the gas chamber decreases, leading to the compression and discharge of gas. Liquid ring pumps are known for their ability to handle wet and corrosive gases, making them suitable for applications such as chemical processing, oil refining, and wastewater treatment.

2. Water Jet Pumps: Water jet pumps utilize a jet of high-velocity water to create a vacuum. The water jet entrains gases, and the mixture is then separated in a venturi section, where the water is recirculated, and the gases are discharged. Water jet pumps are commonly used in laboratories and applications where a moderate vacuum level is required.

The main differences between dry and wet vacuum pumps can be summarized as follows:

1. Operating Principle: Dry vacuum pumps operate without the need for any sealing fluid, while wet vacuum pumps utilize a liquid ring or water as a sealing and working medium.

2. Lubrication: Dry vacuum pumps do not require lubrication since there is no contact between moving parts, whereas wet vacuum pumps require the presence of a liquid for sealing and lubrication.

3. Applications: Dry vacuum pumps are suitable for applications where a medium vacuum level is required, and oil-free operation is desired. They are commonly used in laboratories, medical settings, and various industrial processes. Wet vacuum pumps, on the other hand, are used when a higher vacuum level is needed or when handling corrosive gases. They find applications in chemical processing, oil refining, and wastewater treatment, among others.

It’s important to note that the selection of a vacuum pump depends on specific requirements such as desired vacuum level, gas compatibility, operating conditions, and the nature of the application.

In summary, the primary distinction between dry and wet vacuum pumps lies in their operating principles, lubrication requirements, and applications. Dry vacuum pumps operate without any lubricating fluid, while wet vacuum pumps rely on a liquid ring or water for sealing and lubrication. The choice between dry and wet vacuum pumps depends on the specific needs of the application and the desired vacuum level.

vacuum pump

What Is the Purpose of a Vacuum Pump in an HVAC System?

In an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) system, a vacuum pump serves a crucial purpose. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The purpose of a vacuum pump in an HVAC system is to remove air and moisture from the refrigerant lines and the system itself. HVAC systems, particularly those that rely on refrigeration, operate under specific pressure and temperature conditions to facilitate the transfer of heat. To ensure optimal performance and efficiency, it is essential to evacuate any non-condensable gases, air, and moisture from the system.

Here are the key reasons why a vacuum pump is used in an HVAC system:

1. Removing Moisture: Moisture can be present within an HVAC system due to various factors, such as system installation, leaks, or improper maintenance. When moisture combines with the refrigerant, it can cause issues like ice formation, reduced system efficiency, and potential damage to system components. A vacuum pump helps remove moisture by creating a low-pressure environment, which causes the moisture to boil and turn into vapor, effectively evacuating it from the system.

2. Eliminating Air and Non-Condensable Gases: Air and non-condensable gases, such as nitrogen or oxygen, can enter an HVAC system during installation, repair, or through leaks. These gases can hinder the refrigeration process, affect heat transfer, and decrease system performance. By using a vacuum pump, technicians can evacuate the air and non-condensable gases, ensuring that the system operates with the designed refrigerant and pressure levels.

3. Preparing for Refrigerant Charging: Prior to charging the HVAC system with refrigerant, it is crucial to create a vacuum to remove any contaminants and ensure the system is clean and ready for optimal refrigerant circulation. By evacuating the system with a vacuum pump, technicians ensure that the refrigerant enters a clean and controlled environment, reducing the risk of system malfunctions and improving overall efficiency.

4. Leak Detection: Vacuum pumps are also used in HVAC systems for leak detection purposes. After evacuating the system, technicians can monitor the pressure to check if it holds steady. A significant drop in pressure indicates the presence of leaks, enabling technicians to identify and repair them before charging the system with refrigerant.

In summary, a vacuum pump plays a vital role in an HVAC system by removing moisture, eliminating air and non-condensable gases, preparing the system for refrigerant charging, and aiding in leak detection. These functions help ensure optimal system performance, energy efficiency, and longevity, while also reducing the risk of system malfunctions and damage.

China Hot selling CHINAMFG Laboratory 304 Stainless Steel CHINAMFG Pump Vacuum Pump   vacuum pump connector	China Hot selling CHINAMFG Laboratory 304 Stainless Steel CHINAMFG Pump Vacuum Pump   vacuum pump connector
editor by CX 2024-04-12

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